Stephen R. Meyers
Department of Geoscience, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Climate "Noise"and the Cryosphere: New Constraints on the Evolution of Ice Sheets during the Cenozoic
Room 811 AOSS, February 15, 2016, 3:30 PM
The evolution of global climate during the past 34 million years is characterized by a transition from warm conditions with unipolar continental glaciation, to the bipolar ice sheets of the present. Much of our knowledge about the chronology of cryosphere development is based upon deep-sea benthic foraminiferal δ18O compilations that integrate global ice volume and regional deep ocean temperature. To deconvolve these mixed signals, the reconstruction of global ice volume typically requires the application of temperature proxy methods and/or global climate/ice-sheet models. These approaches have proven powerful, yet contribute their own uncertainty and ambiguity, particularly when the ice-volume signal is small. In this study we consider a novel means to constrain Cenozoic glaciation history through an assessment of the stochastic component of climate, using a new composite benthic δ18O record, noise parameter estimation, and quantitative sedimentation models. We demonstrate that the relatively long climate response time diagnostic of continental ice sheets is imparted upon observed stochastic benthic foraminiferal δ 18O variability, and quantifiable using "noise response time" (NRT). Evaluation of changes in NRT using the new δ18O composite identifies the proposed Cenozoic glaciation ("Oi" and "Mi") events as well as some new events and provides new evidence for their magnitudes. Overall, assessment of the δ18O composite within the context of stochastic variability provides unique insights into climate system history, complimenting the evaluation of astronomical forcing/pacing, and yielding new quantitative constraints on previously ambiguous aspects of cryosphere development during the Cenozoic.