ATM OCN (Meteorology) 100
CLOUD OBSERVATIONS & CLASSIFICATION
Lecture #9 Scheduled for:
28 JUN 2004 (M)
Recommended Readings from Moran (2002):
Today's Lecture Objectives:
- To describe cloud cover using standard meteorological convention.
- To distinguish between warm clouds and cold clouds in both composition and appearance.
- To discuss the basis and criteria for the classification of clouds.
- To identify the ten major cloud types using the conventional terminology based upon their appearance (form) and height .
- What can be learned from clouds?
- How are clouds classified?
B. OBSERVATIONAL MEASUREMENTS OF CLOUDS
- Cloud Amount or Sky Cover
- Cloud Heights and Ceilings
C. CLOUD TYPES - CLOUD CLASSIFICATION SCHEME
- Basis for Modern Traditional Cloud Classification Scheme
- The Nature of Cloud Types
- Stratiform clouds
- Cumuliform clouds
- Identification Aids
- Specific Cloud Types
D. THE GALLERY OF CLOUD TYPES
- Layer (Stratiform) Clouds
- High Level
- Cirrus, Cirrostratus, Cirrocumulus
- Mid Level
- Low Level
- Vertically Developed (Cumuliform) Clouds
- Other Special and Interesting Clouds
- Cumulus Congestus
- Wave (lenticular) Clouds
- Fog Types
- Radiation Fog
- Advection Fog
- Steam Fog
D. CLOUD CLIMATOLOGY
- Geographical variation of clouds
- Seasonal variation of clouds
Links to Other References:
- Some cloud pictures can be found on the Internet through the following sites:
- Educational resource unit (K-12) on air pressure from Nebraska Earth Science Education Network (NESEN):
- Historical background information on Luke Howard and his cloud classification scheme
Produced by Edward J. Hopkins, Ph.D.
Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, WI 53706
Latest revision: 7 July 2004 (2245 UTC)